Normally you won't have any symptoms or health problems in this phase until the HIV infection has weakened your immune system. If you have had unprotected sex , shared injecting equipment or think that infected blood has got into your body, then you should talk to your doctor or a healthcare professional as soon as possible. First, a recently infected individual is more likely to be engaging in high-risk behaviours because this is what led to their HIV infection. AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome, which means that your immune system collapses. These symptoms generally appear about two weeks after infection occurs. This period follows the acute infection and lasts for about six months after the initial infection. Photos are used for illustrative purposes. Another limitation of HIV tests is the time it takes for many of them to produce results. The amount of virus will level off somewhat.
This varies according to the type of test, so check with your healthcare professional. However, emerging research suggests that a disproportionate number of HIV transmissions—perhaps more than half—may originate from people during the first few months after they become infected with HIV. These tests cannot detect HIV infection in someone who has acute HIV infection because the body has not yet produced antibodies. The person who gives you your HIV test will have additional information about the test's "window period. This period follows the acute infection and lasts for about six months after the initial infection. People who test positive will know for certain they are HIV-positive. Reducing the number of transmissions from recently infected individuals: A large number of HIV transmissions in your communities may be occurring from recently infected individuals, and therefore represent an important priority for HIV prevention efforts. This means that for people at high risk of HIV, testing can be done as early as one month after exposure using standard antibody assays and rapid point-of-care tests. After someone becomes infected with HIV, the virus begins to replicate very quickly and the amount of virus in the body and bodily fluids such as the blood, semen, vaginal fluid and rectal fluid rises rapidly. The treatment will also practically eliminate your chances of transmitting your HIV to others. And if you test negative on an antibody test taken 3 months or longer after your last possible risk of possible exposure to HIV, you are likely HIV-negative. Testing for HIV during your pregnancy is very important and is now done routinely as part of antenatal care in most countries. A trained test counselor will help assess your risk and figure out the right time and type of test to use. Unfortunately, a person who has recently been infected with HIV is more likely to be engaging in high-risk behaviours than a person who has been infected for a longer period of time. Tests known as rapid or point-of-care POC tests can provide results on the same day that a test is performed. When to get tested for HIV? Any time that you have reason to think you've been directly exposed to HIV, you should consult with your doctor or a trained HIV test counselor as soon as possible. After antibodies are produced, the viral load slowly decreases but does not stabilize at a lower level until up to six months after infection. Ask your local HIV organization or medical provider what type of test they are offering—they will be able to give you more information about how long it might take for a person with HIV to test positive with the test they are using. Several types of HIV tests are available but for each type of test there is a brief period of time after infection during which they are unable to detect infection in a person who is HIV-positive. Firstly, many may believe that they are not at risk for HIV infection despite participating in behaviours that put them at risk. Secondly, there are no definitive signs that someone has become infected with HIV. Biological and virologic characteristics of primary HIV infection. These symptoms generally appear about two weeks after infection occurs. Be sure to be extra careful during this period — always use condoms and never share injecting equipment. During this time, people may continue to engage in high-risk behaviours and some people may never return to get their test results.
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How soon after unprotected sex you will be 100 % sure of HIV status? - Dr. Sapna Lulla
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